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Celebrate the sustainability, durability and overall beauty of teak!
Save 20% on ALL Aman Dais Daybed Sets
Sale ends at Midnight!
Save 20% on Aman Dais Sets
Sale ends at Midnight!
Main Content
Sustainability and the Furniture Industry: A Conversation with Westminster Teak’s Mal Haddad
"Every step of the process, from forest to showroom floor, should include environmentally responsible methods," shares the expert

Each day as people all over the globe go about their lives, a great common goal unites us. That is, to preserve our planet. To keep enjoying nature’s splendor and protect pivotal ecosystems, there are many steps that need to be taken. states, “The amount of future warming Earth will experience depends on how much carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases we emit in coming decades. Today, our activities—burning fossil fuels and clearing forests—add about 11 billion metric tons of carbon (equivalent to a little over 40 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide) to the atmosphere each year. Because that is more carbon than natural processes can remove, atmospheric carbon dioxide increases each year.”

Individuals certainly make a difference with their choices, such as who they buy from, but big businesses and industries are the ones that make the largest impact. Much like fashion, the furniture industry needs to be cognizant of its ecological footprint in terms of design, materials, and manufacturing. Luxury outdoor furniture brand Westminster Teak takes this seriously and so do its leaders. The company’s vice president, Mal Haddad, is passionate about the topic and has much to share about sustainability and teak, in particular.

Traditionally, how sustainable has the furniture industry been?

The concept of sustainability in industry, let alone the furniture industry, was really unheard of until the late 60s and 70s. That’s when the idea began to permeate into public consciousness due to growing environmental awareness and activism, and concerns about pollution, resource depletion, and other environmental issues at the time. It didn’t go mainstream until the late 1990s with the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, and the launch of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, bringing sustainability to the forefront as a global issue.

Historically, the furniture industry has not always been sustainable and has, to a large extent, relied on the extraction of natural resources and the use of energy-intensive manufacturing processes. This has led to the rapid depletion of natural forests, an increase in greenhouse gas emissions from the use of toxic chemicals in the manufacturing process, and water pollution in rivers and the air.

It is not until recently that there has been a growing recognition of the need for sustainability in the furniture industry. True sustainability includes every part of the value chain involved in the production of a piece of furniture: design, supply of raw materials, manufacturing, packaging, transportation, warehousing, and installation. Every step of the process, from forest to showroom floor, should include environmentally responsible methods before it could be classified as, or considered, “green” or “eco-friendly.” The use of sustainable materials is only part of the solution.

Worldwide, many people are trying to minimize their ecological footprint and reduce waste. Why is teak furniture, whether inside and out, a great choice for designers and homeowners in terms of sustainability?

Teak is the quintessential gold standard of wood, long prized for its weather resistance durability, beautiful appearance, and its relative ease to work with. Whether we use it in furniture to enjoy the outdoors year-round, or indoors for its extraordinarily beautiful warm tones, organic feel, and longevity, teak has been the “go-to” hardwood that is durable and long-lasting. Its high oil and silica content makes it naturally resistant to decay, rot, and termites. It is relatively easy to work with and as works well for furniture making as it can withstand the rigors of the outdoors, in sun, sleet, rain, or snow. Teak wood requires minimal maintenance in outdoor furniture or decking and ages gracefully into a handsome gray patina. Indoors, teak furniture almost requires almost no maintenance and can be passed on from one generation to another.

Because of its durability and ease of care, teak furniture lasts a long time and does not require replacements, making it by default a more sustainable choice. This is especially true when timeless design is considered in the furniture-making process, which always Westminster Teak prioritizes.

How is teak grown and harvested? Where is it mostly grown, and specifically, where does Westminster Teak source it from to make its timeless furnishings?

All the teak furniture manufactured by Westminster Teak comes from sustainably harvested plantations in Java, Indonesia. These plantations are strictly managed by the Ministry of Forestry and Perum Perhutani. Logs are responsibly harvested and certified, ensuring their Chain of Custody from the forest to the retail floor. Our factory produces furniture that is from both SVLK and FSC Certified wood.

Teak does not grow naturally in the rainforest in any sufficient numbers to “harvest” or warrant commercial logging in the way Pine does. Today, the largest teak plantations are found in Indonesia, Thailand, and Burma where the weather conditions of ample rain coupled with 3-5 months of hot or dry weather make it conducive for the trees to flourish. Teak trees are planted in rows and grow best in alluvial soil that is deep, flat, and well-drained. Most teak plantations, incorporate a system of agro-forestry for the locals to farm other crops between the alleys or rows of planted teak trees throughout the life cycle of the trees. This provides the locals with additional economic avenues along with the industry brought about by the teak enterprise to the local economy.

Historically, the Dutch started teak plantations in Indonesia perhaps some 200 years ago and the government of Indonesia has since taken over and developed it into what it is today—the world’s largest teak plantations managing over 5 million acres of sustainable forests. Through careful and responsible forest management, trees are constantly being planted at a rate that far exceeds those being felled.

How do teak plantations compare or contrast to palm oil plantations?

Though both teak and palm oil are grown for commercial purposes, there are some overriding differences between them.

Unlike palm oil plantations which have been known to destroy entire swaths of pristine forests displacing hundreds of plants and animal species, teak plantations have been shown to preserve, if not promote, biodiversity by encouraging agroforestry within the rows of trees. This, in turn, reduces the ecological impact on the environment.

Because teak is highly resistant to pests and diseases, there is far less use of pesticides in teak plantations than in palm oil plantations. For this reason alone, teak plantations have in many ways preserved many of the forest’s indigenous plants and animal species.

By its nature, teak plantations require less water than palm oil, another reason it is less damaging to the environment in comparison. Teak’s deep taproots actually contribute to the general health of the soil and soil structure to the benefit of other plant species. Palm oil on the other hand requires heavy use of chemicals and fertilizers which often degrades the quality and overall health of the soil over time.

Tell us about some of the other popular materials for outdoor furniture. What makes them potential sustainable options or what makes them less eco-friendly options?

Advancements made in plastics over the past decade have brought about some very interesting use in their application as synthetic wicker, rope, and sling in the furniture industry, especially for outdoor furniture. These combined with aluminum, stainless steel, and, of course, teak, brought about designs in furniture that we have not seen in the past.

The ability to bring in endless colors, shapes, textures and innumerable combinations with other materials has given rise to a plethora of possibilities for the consumer. These “latest and greatest” furniture designs have their place and purpose, but depending on design, quality, and performance, they can sometimes fall into the trendy category. This is especially true when what the mass market offers are often price and trend-driven, creating a deluge of quick-and-ready products, jettisoning the idea of craft and craftsmanship, of quality and tradition.

How are metal or plastic outdoor furnishings often produced versus the pieces made by Westminster Teak?

What makes Westminster Teak unique is how we view the manufacturing process as only part of what we do. As a raw material, teak lasts far longer than the average resin-based plastic, synthetic wicker, or metal furniture which are all environmentally less eco-friendly than teak.

Because of its inherent durability, we work passionately to produce only designs that are as timeless and long-lasting as the material (teak) itself. Good design is the DNA of our furniture with the knowledge that it will be used and passed on over generations. We hardly retire our designs and add only after considerable work has been done in designing a product that is relevant to our line of offerings. Some of our items have been around since we started the company 25 years ago and remain as popular now as they did then.

To be sure, there is nothing wrong with metal or plastic outdoor furnishing, especially when well-made and well-designed. When made with beauty, craftsmanship, and sustainability in mind, the outcome should be an extraordinary product, an object of beauty that would fit well within the user’s existing surroundings.

Going back a few centuries, what are some of the roles teak played in history and how did it come into wide use? What is it mostly used for today?

Teak has been around throughout the ages and has been the ecological tree of all times. Its hardwood has been a latent part of our history and continues to be so; in arts and architecture, in furniture making and flooring, shipbuilding and the maritime industry, trans-ocean commerce, trade, politics, war, and empire building.

Over the centuries, archaeological work in India and neighboring states as far as Oman has shown that teakwood was used in seaworthy boats and ships as early as the 5th century. Known for its booming Frankincense trade, the Omanis plied the trading routes through the sea to deliver frankincense to Egypt, India, Rome, and China, using their own ships. Teak, being most valued for its strength and durability was first possibly used in shipbuilding in India and exported to other Persian Gulf countries that, by the 8th and 9th centuries, were sailing across the world for trade and commerce.

In later periods, Europeans—mainly the British and Dutch who learned about the seaworthiness and value of teak—began the replacement of their traditionally used oak and pine in their shipbuilding. Teak became so prized by the colonial rulers that restrictions we imposed on the colonized natives from using teak for their own use. To some extent, the material aided Britain’s rise to power and expansion of its colonies with its establishment of a shipyard in India.

Teak also played a major part in politics in the chronicles of Burma’s last kingdom when it was used as leverage in the negotiations between King Mindon with the purchase of 3,600 Enfield rifles from the British government.

Today, teak is not only the consummate hardwood industry standard used in luxury superyachts, world-class architecture, and beautiful furniture, it is now making its way into the car industry as well. Luxury car company Rolls-Royce designed a Phantom model that features teakwood “decking” and accents.

With such a rich and complex history, what is the future of teak in your opinion?

From our perspective, 3 characteristics of quality teak make it invaluable as a material and ensure it will keep flourishing in the furniture industry in the future.

1. Sustainability for the environment. As a raw material, teak lasts far longer than the average resin-based wicker or metal furniture which is environmentally less eco-friendly than teak.

2. Longevity in Performance. Though it is among the most expensive materials for outdoor furniture, teak’s strong appeal is in its beauty and longevity.

3. Timelessness in design. Good design comes from being passionate with every detail of the craft, from concept to consumer. Since teak is a material that lasts a very long time, the furniture design should be timeless and project a sense of permanence. It should resonate with the idea of form and function, and how we live with the furniture, cherished over generations. Westminster Teak creates pieces that are as relevant now as they were 50 years ago and will be 50 years from now.

What are you most proud of about Westminster Teak’s sustainability and world impact?

The terms sustainability, green, or eco-friendly, have been used so elastically in the industry that they may have been misused, misrepresented, or even monetized. As a company that supports the global green movement, we believe it is not only critical as a manufacturer to be environmentally responsible by using teak from sustainably harvested plantations, but also to be socially responsible toward both the indigenous people working in the plantations as well as the skilled artisans and employees working in our factories.

Having personally worked with our manufacturing partner in Indonesia, over the past 16 years, I feel privileged to know that we are committed to our social responsibility toward the people who made it all possible. The extraordinary artisans, the tree farmers who relentlessly toil in the plantations, the mill workers, woodworkers, and seamstresses are all far more valuable than the materials and furniture they’ve worked to produce. Educating the discerning consumer and raising awareness about sustainability must be coupled with the integral role of social responsibility toward the local communities. Sustainability is not only about a “greener” planet or being “eco-friendly,” but for it to be truly sustainable, it also needs to raise the level of humanity in the communities that the industry has come into.

Luxury furniture you can feel good about buying is always a good idea. When you buy high-quality and timeless teak furnishings, you’re making a sustainable choice and also investing in something for your home that can one day belong to children or grandchildren.

To learn more about the family-owned brand Westminster Teak and outfit your outdoor spaces for years to come, visit



The Fine Print

VETERAN, MILITARY, AND FIRST RESPONDER DISCOUNT: Take 5% off¹ for First Responders, Veterans, and Current Military, subject to verification of service. First Responders Please Use Promo Code THANKYOU5 and include organization & position in "Order Comments" field when checking out. | Veterans and Active Duty Military please use Promo Code VETERAN5 and state Branch, Grade & Discharge Classification (if applicable) in "Order Comments" field when checking out. Failure to verify service or qualifications will nullify discount. Statements of service fall under U.S. Code, Title 18, Chapter 47, Section 1024, as it is a crime to purchase or receive military, naval, or veteran's facilities property by making any false statement or representation. This includes falsely claiming to be eligible for a military or veteran discount. The penalty for this offense is a fine or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.

¹Promo Codes are non-transferable and cannot be combined with other promotions or discounts, nor applied to past purchases or future deliveries. Promo Codes are discounts off the MSRP of the product. Promo codes are not applicable to shipping costs, treatment finishes, or furniture care products, or clearance items. Promo Codes are not applicable to Clearance, Refurbished, Blemished, or Closeout Items as those discounts are hard wired into each clearance item and the discounts are significantly higher than the promo code offered.

³"Order by" holiday deadlines are estimates for delivery on or before the last business day before a holiday and exclude out of stock items, items ordered with treatment finishes, MTO cushions, covers, fabrics or any orders including upgraded, optional shipping services such as White Glove delivery and Inside Delivery. Inclement weather may delay arrival.

*NOTE: Our inventory is shown in REAL-TIME. If an item is in stock it will state "In Stock: Ships within 1-3 Business Days" when viewing product details. If an item is currently out of stock then the restock date will be shown when you click on a product and view the product's details, for example: "Ships on or about 07/01/24". If there is no restock date shown in the product details then the status will show "Ships in 4 to 6 months" at which that is the best estimate when that product will arrive to you AFTER ordering.

·Please note that our furniture is selling out in record time with extended lead times. If you would like to enjoy your new furniture the entire season then it is highly recommended to place your order now to reserve currently out of stock and arriving items. These items will often sell out before arriving to our warehouses and can take 4 to 8 months to restock.

·Our showrooms are open, however appointments are recommended. Please call 888-592-8325 or click here to schedule an appointment.

·Shipping is calculated within Continental USA. Additional Shipping Charges, Duties & applicable taxes may apply when shipping outside the Continental USA.
·Additional charges may apply for White Glove Delivery services for locations that are not within close proximity to delivery terminals. White Glove Delivery does not apply to special Made to Order items such as cushions, umbrella fabrics or furniture covers.
·Please allow extra time for White Glove Delivery and Small Truck orders (excluding small UPS shipments). Orders that have to be delivered via Small Truck may be slightly delayed leaving our warehouse as we locate a Small Truck shipper for your area.
·Free Return Shipping does not apply to orders shipped outside of the Continental USA.
·SITEWIDE Sale may not include Spectra Umbrellas, Care & Maintenance products, MTO furniture/Umbrella covers and finishes.
·Prices can change suddenly and without notice due to inventory and supply shortages.
·Additional Exclusions may apply

Photo Submission Notice
By submitting your photos to us, you agree to grant us a non-exclusive, royalty-free, worldwide, perpetual, and irrevocable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, distribute, and display your photos on our website, social media, and marketing ads. You also represent and warrant that you have the right and authority to submit your photos to us, and that your photos do not infringe any third-party rights or violate any laws.

White Glove Delivery

White Glove Services include unpackaging, assembly and placement of furniture as well as removal and disposal of all packaging material. It does not include any custom work that may need to be done to assure a fit to the desired location.

In stock cushions and umbrella fabrics will be included with White Glove Services. Made to order cushions and umbrella fabrics are shipped separately via UPS and are not applicable to White Glove Services.

  • Please allow 3-6 weeks for White Glove Services.
  • Non-White Glove, Standard Delivery is 2-7 days.
  • Preferred shipping option selected at checkout.
Receive Additional 5% OFF
Westminster Teak salutes and honors veterans, military and first responders by offering a 5% additional discount to all personnel and their spouses. Please confirm and enter the following information into the comments section during checkout:

  • Branch of Service
  • Rank
  • Honorable Discharge
Use promo code VETERAN5

The term "veteran" means a person who served in the active military, naval or air service and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable.

First Responders:
  • Organization
  • Position
Use promo code THANKYOU5

The term "first responder" is a person with specialized training who is among the first to arrive and provide assistance at the scene of an emergency, such as an accident, natural disaster, or terrorism. First responders typically include law enforcement officers, paramedics, EMT's and firefighters.

In Stock: Ships in 1-2 Business Days

Shipping within 1-2 business days applies only for Standard Delivery within the Continental USA. Does not include Made To Order Cushions or furniture purchased with a finish. It also does not include any other special Deliveries including White Glove. Shipments are on business days only. No Shipments on USA holidays or weekends.


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